The hobbit (English title: The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, usually abbreviated as The Hobbit) is a fantastic novel by British author and philologist J. R. R. Tolkien. It was written by parties from the late 1920s until the early 1930s and, initially, only aimed to amuse the young children of Tolkien.1 However, the manuscript of the work still unfinished was lent by the writer to several people and finally ended up in the hands of the publisher George Allen & Unwin. Willing to publish, the editors asked Tolkien to finalize the work and the hobbit was posted on September 21, 1937 in the UK.
It is the first work that explores the mythological universe created by Tolkien and later be in charge of defining The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion. Within this fiction, the plot of The Hobbit is set in the year 2941 of the Third Age of the Sun, 2 and tells the story of hobbit Bilbo Baggins, who along with the wizard Gandalf and a group of dwarves, live an adventure in search treasure guarded by the dragon Smaug in the Lonely Mountain.
Due to the success and the good reviews it received, the editors asked Tolkien a continuation. Dubbed The Lord of the Rings, his change to a remote childishly caused the hobbit had to be modified slightly so that both stories coincide better.
Following the publication in 1964 of the Argentina edition entitled The hobito, 4 Ediciones Minotauro bought the rights to the works of Tolkien and published an improved version of the novel in Spain in 1982 and in Argentina in 1984 translation.
BBC Radio 4 made a radio adaptation of The Hobbit at 1968.7 while Arthur Rankin and Jules Bass produced a film about it for televisión.8 currently has completed production of a trilogy on the novel produced by the director based in the Lord of the Rings, Peter Jackson.9 despite having been involved for more than two years in the design and production of film adaptations, 10 on May 31, 2010, the Mexican Guillermo del Toro resigned to the direction of the tapes due to the delay in the start of filming by the financial problems facing the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.11 production in December 2012 opened the first part, An unexpected journey, in 2013 it premiered desolation Smaug while the premiere of the last film, the battle of Five Armies was held in December 2014. 12 also have created several video games based on the novel.