Watchmen («Vigilantes» en español) is a graphic novel created by writer Alan Moore, Dave Gibbons cartoonist, and inker John Higgins. The series was published by the American company DC Comics during 1986 and 1987 as a limited series of 12 números.5 has been reprinted several times and translated into different languages, including Spanish, besides obtaining prestigious awards, including the Hugo . There is a film in the series premiered in 2009, which had a worldwide gross of $ 185.25 million. Watchmen originated from a story proposal Moore to DC featuring superhero characters that the company had acquired from Charlton Comics. As the story proposed by Moore would have left many useless characters for future stories, managing editor Dick Giordano convinced the writer to create original characters instead.
Moore used the story as a means to reflect contemporary anxieties and critique the superhero concept. Watchmen presents an alternative history where superheroes emerge in the 1940s and 1960s, helping the United States to establish world hegemony through Operation Condor and the Vietnam War. The country is moving towards a nuclear war with the Soviet Union, costumed vigilantes have been outlawed and most previous superheroes are in retirement or working for the government. The story focuses on personal and struggles of the protagonists as an investigation into the murder of a superhero sponsored by the government that takes them out of retirement development, and eventually leads them to confront a plot that averts war nuclear killing millions of people.
Creatively, the focus of Watchmen is on its structure. Gibbons uses a grid layout of nine panels throughout the series and added recurring, such as bloodstained face symbols. All chapters except the last, presenting fictitious documents that add to the background of the series, and the story is intertwined with that of another story, a comic book about pirates entitled Tales of the Black Freighter, which one of the characters read. Structured as a non-linear narrative, the story skips through space, time and plot. Watchmen has received critical acclaim both in the comics and in the press, and is considered by critics as a seminal text of a comic book medium. After several attempts to adapt the series into a feature film, Watchmen director Zack Snyder was released in 2009.